Active directory plugin for mac os x
In this section you will learn how to use Directory Utility and the command line to configure some of the advanced options of the Active Directory plug-in. A mobile account caches user credentials locally so they can be used when the computer is not connected to the directory node.
You must specify which file-sharing protocol to use: New in Mac OS X v Many Windows Server administrators require client computers to use this option, which makes it impossible for computers using earlier versions of Mac OS X to access their SMB share points without installing third-party SMB client software. It is faster, native to Mac OS X, supports Time Machine and network Spotlight searching, has better auto-reconnect, and handles a wider range of file names in a mixed environment. Unfortunately, Windows servers do not offer AFP by default. Discourage users from simultaneously logging in as the same user simultaneously on Mac OS X and Windows computers, because if they edit the same file over two different protocols simultaneously, this could corrupt the file.
The next figure illustrates what the standard desktop looks like for an Active Directory user who has an Active Directory home folder defined. Likewise, the Active Directory plug-in generates a unique integer for each Active Directory group record as well. If you have extended your Active Directory schema, you can use the Mappings pane to access the appropriate attributes from the Active Directory user and group records. Be forewarned that if you change the mappings, users may lose access to files that they previously owned or could access.
This is useful if you create an Active Directory group and populate it with users who should have the authority to administer the Mac OS X computers in your organization. If you want to restrict the authentication search path to use specific domains only in your forest, follow these steps:. Depending on the configuration of your Domain Controller, this may not be correct. Rather than binding from the default pane in Directory Utility, you will bind from within the Active Directory services pane, which offers different binding options.
Click the Edit button in the lower-left corner of the Directory Utility window. If you are not already bound to Active Directory, Directory Utility displays the dialog shown in the figure below. If you are already bound, you must first unbind in order to change the location of your computer account. The dsconfigad command is particularly useful for scripting the process of binding to Active Directory, and it offers a way to bind with custom settings in one step.
This command has drawbacks, however: It does not enable the plug-in, nor does it add the Active Directory node to the search paths. You must also use the defaults and dscl commands to accomplish those tasks. To bind a computer to Active Directory with dsconfigad , collect the following information for the following dsconfigad options:.
The commands listed below enable the Active Directory plug-in, bind to Active Directory, and add the Active Directory node to the authentication and contacts search paths:. In this example, the user aduser1 is an Active Directory user object. The -p option makes the output human readable:. If you issue the id command after binding and the result is no such user , wait a few seconds and then try again. You can bind, unbind, set configuration options, and show the status of a bind.
In addition, dsconfigad offers some functionality that Directory Utility does not offer, such as the following:. This caused much frustration with earlier versions of Mac OS X. The default is to allow packet signing, a new feature in Mac OS X v The default is to allow packet encryption, which is a new feature in Mac OS X v Toggling the namespace setting after Active Directory users have already logged in can cause confusion as Active Directory users perceive the contents of their home folder to be missing.
The default is domain. It is common for Active Directory administrators to use Active Directory tools to look for computers that have not recently changed their passwords. The default is for Mac OS X to change its computer object password every 14 days. See All Related Store Items. All rights reserved. Next, select Enable for the Active Directory plug-in. Then click the Pencil icon. At this point we really get down to business. At the very least, the two pieces of information that are required in order to join a Mac workstation to Active Directory are:.
In my experience, mobile accounts are necessary only when you manage Mac OS X laptop computers and need your users to be able to log in from work and from off-campus locations. Finally, the Administrative panel allows us to specify a preferred Active Directory domain controller.
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Also, and this is important in most implementations, we can assign the Active Directory global groups that are allowed administrative access to the Mac workstation. When you click Bind in Directory Utility you are prompted for Active Directory credentials with privilege to add computers to the domain. Verify also the location in AD where you want the Mac computer created. In the following screen capture, we are placing the host Macbox in the default Computers container in AD.
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The window shows both graphically, by virtue of the colored circle icon, and in text the status of the binding. At the Mac OS X login screen, simply select Other from the user list this assumes that the computer is configured in this way; you can make these changes in the Accounts Preferences Pane. Users can employ any of the standard username conventions supported by Active Directory. For instance, if the user Zoey wanted to log into the 4sysops. There is so much more to learn in the realm of Mac-Windows integration.
Expect several more blog posts on this subject in the future.
OS X Active Directory Integration – The Process
In the meantime, please have fun studying the following links to related resources:. Are you an IT pro? Apply for membership! Display a user's logged-on computer in Active Dire Great article One thing I'd add in, is that it's a very good idea to sync the clock on the mac client with your DC before binding - If the clock drifts more than 7 seconds out, Kerberos auth will fail See: Extremely good point, but by default the allowed clock skew is seconds 5 minutes , not 7 seconds. Thanks for the insight, guys.
Hey, what other Mac-Windows integration topics would you like to see coverage on here at 4Sysops? Would love to see something related to Mac login scripts in as much of a pure AD environment as possible. Maybe something along the lines of mounting external SMB shares based on group memberships.
I deploy my windows clients using WDS for OS and WPKG for package management, wondered if anything similar is available that an deploy mac systems from an infrastructure with no mac servers I had that issue with the Mac clock being off from the Windows clocks for a while.
My tiny issue with Mac integration is that the Mac's don't register themselves with the DNS server properly. Anyone have a fix for that? And keep the ideas coming! Upgrading AD from legacy or native mode to native mode does NOT automatically carry any existing Mac OSX users along with that upgrade in a robust and reliable manner. Thanks Timothy. I concluded it was "secure" updates that was blocking the Macs, but I, like most admins image don't want to unsecure my DNS servers.
It's a minor annoyance if anything. To Robert's point. I've decided not to update my AD from native, because I fear the Macs, will put up a fight. I can understand not wanting to upgrade AD if one has a lot of users on OSX, but to many AD admins such upgrades aren't really a matter of choice if they want to get the best out of their systems. I still think the process of maintaining OSX integration during migrations is one that needs documenting. I've just trieds this guide, to get my Mac Lion to join my AD.
Campus Active Directory - Joining Mac OS X or later to Campus Active Directory
And it seems to go OK, until I have to login. I click on "Other", and typein: I am having a nightmare with Lion. I have just upgraded one of my clients to Small Business Server and when I try and join the MACs to the domain I can get the Directory server showing correctly - but when I come to login, I get a message that Network Accounts are not available.
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I attended a lecture by Mark Russinovich a couple of weeks ago and he stated that "Apple doesn't know how to make Windows software. I'll look forward to the Lion article; I've managed to avoid that particular issue so far but I can already see the light at the other end of that particular tunnel I just added a Lion box to my AD.
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It was a bit slow, but it connected fine. Also helps, to have the name of the domain, in the "Search Domains" in the Network Preferences, as well as the "local". Great Writing